Tea Party Groups Settle Class Action Lawsuit targeting IRS

- Scott Scammahorn

After years of controversy and litigation before a federal judge, the IRS has reached a settlement agreement with a class of non-profit groups associated with the Tea Party movement who were wrongly discriminated against when applying for non-profit status.

The controversy began in 2010. Tea Party groups and other politically-conservative nonprofits had noticed that their applications for non-profit status were being held up by unreasonable delays and requests for additional information by IRS employees. When these delays came to light, the Justice Department, an inspector general from the Treasury Department, and several congressional committees opened investigations into the IRS staffers’ conduct. Ultimately, a number of IRS staff members resigned or retired, including the head of the division that considered tax-exempt status applications, but no criminal charges were brought.

Settlement includes apology from agency

A number of Tea Party groups in both Cincinnati, Ohio and Washington, D.C. banded together to file class action lawsuits based on the discrimination they faced. The Washington D.C.-based lawsuit was resolved without a monetary award, but the Cleveland-based lawsuit appears ready to settle for approximately $3.5 million. The settlement, now awaiting approval by the court, includes an apology from the IRS, which states:

The IRS admits that its treatment of Plaintiffs during the tax‐exempt determinations process, including screening their applications based on their names or policy positions, subjecting those applications to heightened scrutiny and inordinate delays, and demanding of some Plaintiffs information that (the inspector general) determined was unnecessary to the agency’s determination of their tax‐ exempt status, was wrong. For such treatment, the IRS expresses its sincere apology.

The class action lawsuit was spearheaded by the nonprofit Citizens for Self-Governance. Mark Meckler, the president of Citizens for Self-Governance, explained, “This is not a Republican or Democrat thing, no administration should be able to do this, and I don’t only fear Democratic administrations doing this, I fear Republican administrations doing this as well.”


Help with unfair treatment by IRS agents

IRS agents are tasked with making unbiased decisions when executing their responsibilities as federal employees. These individuals wield a great deal of power, capable of demanding high fines, subjecting individuals to audits, or forcing people into court. When contesting a decision made by the IRS, it’s important to have a seasoned Texas tax attorney on your side, prepared to fight on your behalf for a just outcome.

If you are in search of professional, experienced legal help with a tax issue in Texas, contact the skilled tax attorneys at the Tyler offices of Scammahorn Law Firm, P.C. for a consultation on your case, at 903-595-1000.

Businessman Receives Three Year Sentence for Withholding Millions in Employment Taxes

- Scott Scammahorn

Earlier this month, the owner of a Houston-based staffing agency was sentenced to three years in prison after pleading guilty for failing to pay employment taxes related to his business.

The prosecution had argued that, from 2008 to 2012, Richard Floyd Tatum withheld roughly $12 million in payroll taxes from some 1,000 employees, opting instead to spend the money on upgrades to his ranch and indulge in travel expenses, rather than pay the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). He was also accused of filing false, delinquent tax returns for his company several times, including 2008, 2009 and 2013.

Officials with United States Department of Justice (DOJ) also presented evidence that Tatum, in addition to withholding the $12 million in payroll taxes, also neglected to pay more than $6 million in taxes owed for his employees’ Medicare and Social Security.

In addition to serving a three-year prison sentence, the court also ordered Tatum to make more than $18 million in restitution payments to the IRS.

Understanding Tax Liability

Tatum’s case serves as a strong example of the importance of understanding tax liability and the consequences for failing to honor tax obligations. Tax liability refers to the financial amount legally owed to a taxing authority, like state, local or federal government, for a taxable event.

Most financial activities qualify as taxable events, including:

Earning taxable income
Receiving or issuing payroll
Interest or dividends
Creation of capital gains (like selling assets to turn a profit)
Withdrawing money from retirement plans
Defaulting on a mortgage
Penalties for Failing to Honor Tax Obligations

It’s important to note that such taxes are legally binding and that taxing authorities have the power to utilize several legal options in order to enforce these payments.

Taxes serve an integral role in maintaining government and ruling systems in the United States, so those who fail to honor tax obligations face several potential penalties, including:

Liquidation of assets
Jail time, which varies depending on the severity of the offense
As a result, many individuals and corporate entities attempt to minimize their tax liability on a year-to-year basis. Generally, this is achieved through tax shelters, tax credits or donations.

Tax Litigation Firm in Texas

The important thing to remember in any tax case is that you must act quickly in order to avoid having wages, bank accounts and personal property, including your home, levied. That’s why, if you have received a notice from the IRS, or if you believe you have violated the U.S. tax code, it is important to retain legal representation as soon as possible.

In Texas, Scammahorn Law Firm, P.C. has a team of subject matter experts available to represent clients dealing with a wide range of IRS and tax-related issues. From our successful track record to our highly skilled team of attorneys, our firm’s expertise in this legal arena is unparalleled.

No matter what your tax-related issue is, our firm is committed to helping you build the strongest case possible. To discuss your legal options with one of our attorneys, contact Scammahorn Law Firm, P.C. at (903) 595-1000.

Outside Collectors Contracted by IRS Accused of Illegal Practices

- Scott Scammahorn

Late last month, a group of United States Senators submitted a letter to Pioneer Tax Recovery, one of four debt collection organizations contracted by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), accusing the organization of violating the U.S. tax code.

In the letter, lawmakers objected to Pioneer’s “extraordinarily dangerous” practices that encouraged debtors to use 401(k) funds, credit cards and home loans to pay off overdue taxes – some totaling as much as $50,000.

Lawmakers also cited Pioneer’s employment practices, specifically encouraging employees to suggest that tax debtors liquidate assets or borrow money to cover overdue taxes. In scripts submitted to the IRS for approval, Pioneer employees were directed to provide taxpayers ideas on where and how to borrow.

The letter also accused all four of the collection organizations employed by the IRS of offering debtors installment plans that spanned as much as seven years – two years longer than private collectors are allowed to offer under existing law. Under current U.S. tax code, private collectors may not offer installment agreements for a period longer than five years.

How Long Can the IRS Attempt to Collect Unpaid Taxes?

When you are in debt to the IRS, you are not on the hook forever. There is generally a 10-year statute of limitations on all IRS collections, meaning that the IRS can try to collect any unpaid taxes up to 10 years from the date of assessment. After those 10 years are up, barring some important exceptions, the IRS must cease its collection efforts.

However, it’s important to note that, as your Collection Statute Expiration Date nears, the IRS and its collectors may be more aggressive in their pursuit to recover as much of your debt as possible.

Can the Limitations Period Be Extended?

In some cases, the 10-year collection period may wind up lasting longer than 10 years because it is possible to suspend it for a period of time. When a statute of limitations is suspended, it does not count towards that 10-year deadline and the IRS is legally barred from making any attempt to collect.

Some taxpayers may also elect to enter into an installment agreement that allows for partial payment of the debt amount owed to the IRS. In order for this to happen an individual generally has to sign a form that waives the 10-year limitations period. However, this extension may last no longer than six years.

Once the limitations period is nearing its end on an extension, the IRS may offer attractive terms in order to persuade you to agree to to another extension of the deadline.

However it’s important not to act on this without first consulting with a qualified attorney, as it may be better to let the IRS recover whatever debt it can before the limit expires.

Attorneys Specializing in IRS Issues

If you have received a notice from the IRS, it is in your best interest to contact an attorney as soon as possible. For those residing in the communities around Dallas and Tyler, Texas, the legal team at Scammahorn Law Firm is available to help with IRS-related legal issues, including the attempted recovery of outstanding tax debt.

Our attorneys can carefully assess your case and help you determine the best course of legal action. To receive more information on our services, or to schedule an initial consultation with our legal team, contact the Scammahorn Law Firm today at (903) 595-1000.

Federal Court Issues Ruling Against IRS in Class Action Lawsuit Challenging PTINs

- Scott Scammahorn

Every year, thousands of taxpayers in the United States, both individuals and businesses, experience disputes with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) related to matters such as:

  • Tax penalties
  • Back taxes
  • Employment taxes
  • Unfiled tax returns

Occasionally, these types of matters can grow increasingly complex, requiring careful litigation by a qualified tax attorney. This is especially true in situations where a taxpayer is forced to take legal action against the IRS, like contesting fees or other penalties associated with the filing of tax documents.

Federal Court Ruling Against IRS

A federal judge recently ruled against the IRS in a class-action lawsuit brought by tax preparers that challenged the IRS’ right to charge Preparer Tax Identification Numbers (PTIN). As a result, the IRS may be required to refund the hundreds of millions of dollars in fees that it collected each year the system was utilized.

The decision, which was handed down by the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, determined that, while the IRS possesses the authority to utilize PTINs, it lacks the authority to charge individual user fees. The lawsuit had revolved around select regulations that both the IRS and the Treasury Department had issued in 2010 for registering preparers with PTINs.

Four years ago, the same court ruled that IRS regulations that required testing and continuous education of tax preparers had overstepped the organization’s statutory authority. However, it left PTIN requirements for tax preparers in place – a decision that was upheld a year later when appealed.

In response to the recent federal ruling, the IRS has suspended use of the PTIN system, pending further litigation.

Addressing Tax Litigation Issues in Texas

From unpaid taxes to disputing tax-related fees or penalties – as was the case in the aforementioned case – it is important to find an attorney who can work closely with you to solve your tax litigation issues.

Depending on the circumstances surrounding your tax matters, an attorney may recommend several potential courses of action, such as:

  • Filing suit in U.S. Federal Court
  • Installment Agreement
  • Filing suit in U.S. Tax Court
  • Offer in Compromise
  • Penalty Abatement

Finding a Qualified Tax Attorney

If you or someone you know is experiencing a tax issue that requires litigation, the attorneys at the Scammahorn Law Firm, P.C. are prepared to help. Our firm is comprised of only the finest tax attorneys who have the legal acumen and experience necessary when dealing with tax litigation matters. No matter the situation, our firm is committed to working closely with you to achieve a favorable resolution for your case.

To schedule an initial consultation with a member of our legal team to discuss your tax or IRS issue, we invite you to contact the attorneys at the Scammahorn Law Firm P.C. at (903) 595-1000.

Avoiding Criminal Liability When Tax Code Has Been Violated

- Scott Scammahorn

Although the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) estimates that a small fraction of tax crime convictions occur in a given year, the organization also estimates that 17 percent of American taxpayers fail to comply with tax code.

It is mostly individual taxpayers, not corporate entities, that commit some of the most common tax-related offenses, like tax fraud. In fact, IRS estimates reveal that roughly 75 percent of all income tax fraud cases involve individual taxpayers.

Because the United States tax system revolves around the self-assessment of any taxes owed, or “voluntarily compliance”, the IRS uses several practices to discourage violations. This includes assessing fines, seeking prison sentences for offenders, civil taxes and penalties. It also involves the publicizing of criminal indictments related to tax code violations.

Avoiding Tax Code Violations

The tax code is complex set of rules and regulations that can be difficult for most taxpayers to decipher – the IRS understands that. That’s why, when a careless error occurs and there is no evidence of fraud, the IRS will generally assume that it was a simple mistake, rather than an intentional attempt to evade the tax code.

The IRS can also usually distinguish between a simple, negligent error and willful evasion of tax law. Auditors will look for suspicious or fraudulent activity, such as:

  • Falsification of documents
  • Overstatement of exemptions and deductions
  • Transfer or concealment of income
  • Keeping multiple sets of financial ledgers
  • Using false Social Security information
  • Attempting to pass personal expenses off as business expenses
  • Willfully underreporting income
  • Claiming exemptions for non-existent dependents, including children

Although the IRS can usually separate negligent from fraudulent activity, that does not mean that the IRS will not attempt to punish a taxpayer for making a simple mistake. Even if it is unintentional, the IRS may still elect to impose a penalty on the individual – up to 20 percent of the underpayment.

Example of Tax Crime Conviction

In 2015, a Boston court sentenced a man to a year in prison for evading the tax code. The man, who was a business owner and occasional contractor for a family member’s business, was paid by check for any work performed and admitted to using check cashing services, rather than depositing funds in the bank, to avoid any scrutiny by the IRS.

According to the court, the man cashed roughly $3 million in funds using this method. He was also found to be operating his businesses and paying his workers entirely in cash, even requesting that customers not write checks to him for bills exceeding $10,000.

As a result, the man failed to file tax returns for a number of years, eventually gaining the attention of IRS auditors. As is common practice, the IRS publicized this conviction, as it does with other non-filer investigations.

Trusted Tax Attorneys in Texas

If you encountered a tax-related issue, such as failing to file your taxes or intentionally evading the tax code, it is highly recommended that you seek the guidance of a qualified tax attorney as soon as possible.

In Texas, the legal team at the Scammahorn Law Firm, P.C. has secured outstanding results for clients dealing with tax matters, including disputes with the IRS. Our firm advises taxpayers on every facet of the tax code and is prepared to fight the IRS on your behalf. Our goal is to reduce your any criminal liability, wherever possible, and resolve your case through an Installment Agreement or Offer in Compromise.

To set up a preliminary consultation to discuss your tax issue or IRS dispute, contact the skilled attorneys at Scammahorn Law Firm P.C. today at (903) 595-1000.


Can the IRS Seize My Tax Refund?

- Scott Scammahorn

If you are scratching your head wondering where your federal income tax refund is this year, it could be missing because the government has seized it. The United States Treasury Department has the authority to hold part or all of your tax refund to cover any debts you might owe.

Six Major Kinds of Debts

There are six major kinds of debts that can result in a government seizure of your federal tax refund:

Federal Income Taxes

If you owe back income taxes to the government, your refund may be seized to pay these back taxes. In this case, you should also receive a notice from the IRS providing an explanation as to why the money was withheld.

State Income Taxes

Believe it or not, the federal government can also intervene and withhold money from your tax refund to put toward unpaid state income taxes.

Student Loans

If you have defaulted on a federally insured student loan, the federal government can seize your refund to offset your defaulted loan. However, they are required to send you notice and provide you with an opportunity to challenge the claim or to pay it off in advance before the refund is withheld.

State Unemployment Compensation

If you have collected more in unemployment compensation than you were entitled to, according to your state, the state can ask the United States Treasury to redirect your tax refund towards this debt.

Child Support

The child support agency in your state can request the federal government to withhold money from your tax refund if you are delinquent in paying court ordered child support. You should receive advance notice of the amount owed, the offset process, and how to contest it.

Spousal Support

If an award for spousal support is included in a child support order, this can also result in a tax refund seizure if the spousal support payments are overdue.

If you believe your federal tax refund has been seized unfairly, it is highly recommended that you contact a skilled and experienced tax attorney to help you contest your IRS issue. The legal team at the Scammahorn Law Firm is well equipped to give you expert legal advice and help you fight unfair penalties from the IRS. If you have been targeted by the IRS and need legal advice about your options, give our office a call today at (903) 595-1000 for a confidential consultation about your tax situation.

Who to Call for Tax Litigation Questions: an Attorney or an Accountant?

- Scott Scammahorn

If you currently find yourself faced with questions about your taxes or a possible impending tax litigation, it is important to bring these questions to the right person. You may be wondering if your tax issue would be better addressed by an accountant or by a tax attorney. If you already know that you need professional tax advice, you have a good start!

Accountants and tax lawyers offer different types of assistance, and both can be extremely useful to you depending on your needs. Here are some differences that you should consider in making your decision:

What an Accountant Can Do for You

An accountant is trained in financial planning and financial strategy and can be helpful as you begin to establish a plan for your finances and your taxes. Accountants are adept at providing straightforward tax advice and for providing assistance to you when filing your income taxes.

For simple tax preparation, a certified public accountant is a great resource to answer your questions and assist you with your planning and tax preparation.

What a Tax Attorney Can Do for You

A tax attorney is educated with an emphasis on studying taxation case law, legal research, and legal writing. If you are faced with tax litigation of any sort, an attorney is where you should focus your attention. Tax attorneys are skilled and experienced on issues of specialized litigation, appeals, and any other issues relating to potential liability.

If your questions are complex or relate to a possible lawsuit, contacting an attorney is the best route for your inquiries. This is even truer if you are faced with responding to tax claims or audits against you or your business. Tax attorneys are armed with extensive knowledge on tax codes and regulations, as well as tried and true strategies to prevail in a litigation setting.

Tax litigation is complex and you need an expert on your side giving you the best and most current legal advice. If you are being targeted by the IRS, today is the day to contact the skilled legal team at Scammahorn Law Firm. In addition to his law degree, our experienced attorney Scott Scammahorn holds an additional advanced law degree with a focus on tax litigation.

If you would like to discuss your options with a lawyer who specializes in the complex arena of tax litigation, call (903) 595-1000 today to schedule your confidential consultation.

Second Round of Form W-2 Scam Begins

- Scott Scammahorn

Last year the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) warned tax payers of a form W-2 scam which targeted payroll and human resources departments. In late January 2017, the IRS renewed this warning after receiving new notifications that this email “spoofing” scam is making its away across the United States for a second time.

The IRS also warns that this scam seems to be evolving. Unlike the scam in late 2016, the latest scam is affecting a larger selection of industries and organizations.

What the Email Looks Like

The fake form W-2s will make it appear as if the company’s chief executive officer (CEO) is sending this phishing email to the payroll office or to a human resources employee. In the email the supposed CEO will ask for information including:

  • A list of employees
  • Social security numbers
  • Birth dates
  • Home addresses
  • Salaries
  • 2016 tax statements

If you have questions about any tax forms you receive, it is important that you call the IRS before submitting any information.

What to Do If You Have Been Accused of “Scamming” the IRS

As much as it is important to protect ourselves from cyber criminals, it is equally important that we protect ourselves in the event that we receive threats or penalties from the IRS.

The U.S. Tax Code is well over 10 million words in length. It would take the average tax payer eight hours a day for over a quarter of the year just to skim over the tax code. The IRS knows that the vast majority of tax payers have not read the tax code, let alone fully understand it.

If you have been threatened by the IRS, it is important that you remind yourself that you have the right to ensure that due process is followed. The IRS must take specific steps before it can initiate a levy on your property, garnish your wages, or take other action against you.

Should you have a complex case which involves litigation issues, liability issues, and/or involves several parties/organizations, you will be best served by contacting tax attorney Scott Scammahorn.

Call the Scammahorn Law Firm today

The Scammahorn Law Firm has helped hundreds of taxpayers across the nation respond to tax claims and audits against themselves, their families or their businesses. We invite you to call us today to discuss your case at (903) 595-1000.

How to Resolve a Dispute with the IRS

- Scott Scammahorn

Unfortunately, it isn’t unusual to find yourself at odds with the IRS, however there are a number of ways to resolve your tax worries without ending up in court.

Five procedures to avoid litigation with the IRS

  • Fast-track settlement. Allows taxpayers the opportunity to resolve audit issues during the examination process by using the mediation skills of the IRS Appeals Office and precedent case law
  • Fast-track mediation. Again, the taxpayer and the IRS mediate the dispute through an IRS Appeals officer who acts as a neutral party. This type of mediation is designed to expedite the resolution of issues that arise during examination or collection actions
  • Early referral. This process comes under the jurisdiction of both the examination and collection departments of the IRS and it allows the taxpayer the ability to transfer their case to the IRS Appeals Office. Only elements of the case can be transferred, therefore examination and collections personnel will continue to handle the issues that are not referred
  • Post-appeals mediation. In this process, a neutral third party will be selected to mediate between the taxpayer and the IRS. The mediator will have no settlement authority and they do not make the decision, but they will help to facilitate negotiations between the disputing parties. This action can be taken after appeals settlement discussions have failed
  • Arbitration. Similar to the above mediation process, an arbitrator will be selected to facilitate settlement, and all parties are bound to the arbitrator’s decision. Arbitration is only available for certain cases within the IRS Appeals Office’s jurisdiction which meet the requirements of the arbitration program

What If I Can’t Afford Legal Representation?

Another alternative for resolving tax issues without going to court is to use the services of the Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS). This is an independent organization within the IRS that helps taxpayers resolve federal tax problems. You might be eligible for help from TAS if you’ve tried to resolve your tax problem through normal IRS channels and it still remains unresolved. You should also reach out to TAS if you believe that the IRS procedures aren’t working for your particular circumstance. TAS assists both organizations and individuals that are suffering financial difficulties because of their tax problems, and their services are free.

Low-Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs) also represent low-income taxpayers with IRS issues such as audits, appeals, and collection disputes. You might be able to receive free (or nominal charge) assistance from an LITC if you are a low-income taxpayer or if you speak English as a second language.

Remember, that no matter what your situation is you don’t have to be alone when handling an IRS dispute. Here, at the Scammahorn Law Firm, we have been protecting hardworking American taxpayers from threats and penalties issued by the IRS for years. If you have been targeted by the IRS and need advice, we welcome your call today at (903) 595-1000 to discuss your tax situation.

Concerned about Tax Litigation?

- Scott Scammahorn

Everyone dreads the heart-pounding moment when you receive an unwanted notice from the IRS informing you that there has been an issue with your tax return, and it can become unbearable when those issues result in tax litigation. You might be surprised to learn that there is a significant amount of both criminal and civil tax litigation in the US every year.

Which Tax Issues Are Most Commonly Litigated?

Typically, the issues being litigated concern the omission of income or the availability of deductions. In most cases, there is an element of fraud, in that taxes have been intentionally withheld through the use of deception. As taxes can be imposed at each of the US federal, state and local levels, proceedings should be brought in the proper court and therefore the venue for litigation will depend on the type of issue at hand.

Is It a Civil or Criminal Offense?

Title 26 of the United States Code (USC) contains the rules governing federal income tax matters for both civil and criminal tax litigation purposes. Title 28 of the USC contains the statutes governing civil litigation and Title 18 contains the statutes related to criminal matters. There are a number of tax-related criminal offenses within the USC which relate to fraudulent activity such as:

  • The attempt to evade or defeat tax
  • The willful failure to collect or pay tax
  • The willful failure to file a return, supply information, or pay tax
  • Providing fraudulent returns, statements, or other documents

This list is not exhaustive and there are a number of other statutes that allow for the prosecution of tax-related criminal offenses within the US.

What Is My Defense?

If you are currently facing civil or criminal proceedings you may be wondering what defenses are available to you? Typical defenses to tax crimes include:

  • The failure to comply was not willful but due to negligence or error
  • The compliance requirement was not met by a third party, such as an accountant
  • The taxpayer lacked the mental capacity to commit the offense

There can also be rare occasions when the government acted improperly because of the taxpayer’s race or religion, or that the government induced the taxpayer to commit the offense.

Tax litigation, whether civil or criminal, can be both stressful and complex, therefore it is always recommended that you have a skilled and knowledgeable attorney to represent you. If you have been targeted by the IRS and you would like to discuss your options with an experienced attorney we invite you to call the Scammahorn Law Firm today at (903) 595-1000.